Skip Navigation Links 
NOAA logo - Click to go to the NOAA home page National Weather Service   NWS logo - Click to go to the NWS home page
Climate Prediction Center

CPC Search
About Us
   Our Mission
   Who We Are

Contact Us
   CPC Information
   CPC Web Team

Official 90-day Outlooks are issued once each month near mid-month at 8:30am Eastern Time. Please consult the schedule of 30 & 90-day outlooks for exact release dates.

Text Discussions
   90day Prognostic
   30day Prognostic

More Outlooks
    0.5mn ASO 2024
    1.5mn SON 2024
    2.5mn OND 2024
    3.5mn NDJ 2024
    4.5mn DJF 2024
    5.5mn JFM 2025
    6.5mn FMA 2025
    7.5mn MAM 2025
    8.5mn AMJ 2025
    9.5mn MJJ 2025
   10.5mn JJA 2025
   11.5mn JAS 2025
   12.5mn ASO 2025
    0.5mn Aug 2024

Tools Used (see Discussion for explanation)
HOME> Outlook Maps>Seasonal Forecast Discussion
Prognostic Discussion for Monthly Outlook 
NWS Climate Prediction Center College Park MD
830 AM EDT Thu Jul 18 2024


The August 2024 monthly temperature and precipitation outlooks are based on
various climate factors. These include the phase of ENSO, the Madden-Julian
Oscillation (MJO), dynamical and statistical model guidance, and boundary
conditions such as coastal sea-surface temperatures (SSTs) and recent soil
moisture anomalies. Historical temperature and precipitation trends were also
considered, as were recent observations and the latest Weeks 3-4 temperature
and precipitation outlooks which extend through the 9th of August.

Currently, ENSO-neutral conditions are observed but La Niña is favored to
emerge during August-September-October (ASO) 2024 (70% chance) and persist into
the Northern Hemisphere winter (79% chance) during November-December-January
(NDJ) 2024-25. The latest weekly Niño 3.4 index was +0.3 deg C. Mostly
near-normal SSTs prevailed across the near-equatorial eastern and east-central
Pacific, while temperatures below the surface in these regions were
below-normal. Convection was near-normal to slightly above normal across
Indonesia and the vicinity of the Date Line. Collectively, these
ocean-atmosphere indicators reflected ENSO-neutral. The MJO signal showed
little eastward propagation this past week between the Indian Ocean and
Maritime Continent regions, and the OLR plots displayed considerable
disorganization. Impacts from both ENSO and the MJO for the month of August are
expected to be minor.

The North American Multi-Model Ensemble (NMME) and Copernicus Climate Change
Service (C3S) multi-model, also known as the International Multi-Model
Ensemble, and their constituent model inputs served as the dynamical basis for
the monthly outlooks. The Constructed Analog on Soil Moisture Tool (CA-SMT),
ENSO composites and regressions, and historical trends served as the
statistical basis for the outlooks. Three consolidation tools were used that
skill-weighted and calibrated the dynamical models (NMME-CON), the statistical
models (STAT-CON), and a Final-CON which consolidated the other two CONs.

Boundary conditions (coastal SSTs and recent soil moisture anomalies) were also
considered in the construction of the monthly temperature and precipitation
outlooks for August 2024. SSTs were below-normal near the coasts of northern
and western Alaska, mostly near-normal near the West Coast, and above-normal
along the Gulf and Atlantic coasts. Recent areas of relatively low soil
moisture include the Ohio and Tennessee Valleys, the Central and Southern
Appalachians, portions of the Mid-Atlantic region, the Carolinas, the Rio
Grande Valley of Texas, and large portions of the northwestern Lower 48 states.
In contrast, recent areas of relatively high soil moisture include from the
north-central states to the central Great Lakes region (due to frontal activity
and thunderstorm clusters), and eastern Texas and much of the Lower Mississippi
Valley, primarily due to the passage of former Hurricane Beryl on July 8-9.
NOAA’s Atlantic Seasonal Hurricane Outlook calls for a well-above average
season this year, which puts the Gulf and East Coasts at an increased risk of
impacts from tropical storms and hurricanes.

The temperature outlook for August 2024 favors above-normal mean temperatures
over nearly all of the contiguous U.S. (CONUS). This is supported by the three
consolidation (CON) tools, CFS, and the C3S. A majority of the tools, including
the NMME PAC, depict a relative weakness and/or break in the favored warmth
across portions of the Great Plains and Mississippi Valley, which is consistent
with significant climate variability observed so far this summer. Maximum
probabilities favoring above-normal temperatures exceed 70% over portions of
the north-central Rockies, supported by much of the model guidance and the
expected late-season influence of dry soils. This is a relatively dry time of
the year for this area. For the Southwest, the C3S and its inputs are confident
of significantly above-normal temperatures and below-normal total
precipitation. Depending upon the speed of the anticipated transition of
ENSO-neutral to La Niña later this summer, some of the favored dryness across
the Southwest may be related to the typically dry La Niña footprint over this
region.  With other model solutions not being quite as confident as the C3S,
suggesting lower probabilities for above-normal temperatures would be prudent
across the Southwest. Historical trends also support elevated probabilities for
warmer-than-normal temperatures over this region and the southern High Plains
during August. Across the north-central states, odds are only slightly tilted
towards above-normal temperatures due to several factors. These factors include
adequate model and tool support, the expectation of significant variability
continuing in the future, and the anticipated continued presence of very moist
soils. Over the eastern CONUS, there is plenty of dynamical model support for
the favored above-normal temperatures, with limited statistical support.
Relatively warm water surrounds the Florida Peninsula and enhances the chances
for anomalous warmth. Odds surpass 60% over an area centered on the Central
Applachians, in part due to low soil moisture. Near the immediate West Coast,
Equal Chances (EC) of below-, near-, and above-normal temperatures are favored
in August, attributed to the influence of the marine layer.

For Alaska, odds are tilted towards below-normal temperatures over southwestern
sections of the state, largely due to the nearby Bering Sea and its unusually
cold water for this time of year. The favored below-normal temperatures are
also backed by a regression tool which regresses temperature anomalies against
the standardized Niño 3.4 index for the July-September season (with the central
month, August, being our target period). For the remainder of the state, a
subjective consensus of models and tools suggests a weak tilt towards
above-normal temperatures for the northeast portion of the Mainland and EC

The precipitation outlook for August 2024 favors above-normal precipitation for
the southeastern third of Texas, much of the Lower Mississippi and Tennessee
Valleys, southern Ohio Valley, the Southeast, Southern Appalachian mountains,
and from much of the Mid-Atlantic region to southern and central New England.
This is supported in large part by the three CON tools, CA-SMT, CFS, and C3S.
Maximum probabilities for above-normal precipitation chances surpass 50% for
most of the Gulf Coast and Southeast coast states. The last 9 runs of the CFS
model favor above-normal precipitation over much of the same general area. This
anticipated relatively wet pattern is also deemed judicious given NOAA’s
seasonal hurricane outlook which favors a very active Atlantic hurricane season
in 2024. In contrast, below-normal precipitation is favored for much of the
western half of the CONUS. Most of the support for the relatively dry outlook
comes from the three consolidation tools, C3S, CFS, Meteo-France model, and the
UKMO model. For several of the last 9 daily CFS runs, wetter-than-normal
conditions have been predicted by the CFS model over the northwestern CONUS,
which is a significant deviation from most other tools and was therefore
discounted. Minimal probabilities favoring below-normal precipitation amounts
are indicated across most of Arizona and New Mexico, given the early and
consistent start to the Southwest monsoon and potential backdoor cold front
activity that often affects New Mexico in particular.

In Alaska, there is a tilt in the odds towards above-normal precipitation for
the southwestern Mainland, the Alaska Peninsula, and the eastern Aleutians.
This has the support of many of the C3S inputs, including the German and
Canadian models (DWD and CMCC, respectively), to name a few. The latest 3 runs
of the CFS also lend some support to the favored above-normal precipitation
chances across southwestern Alaska. Elsewhere across Alaska and the Lower 48
states, EC is favored.

FORECASTER: Anthony Artusa

The climatic normals are based on conditions between 1991 and 2020, following
the World Meteorological Organization convention of using the most recent 3
complete decades as the climate reference period.  The probability anomalies
for temperature and precipitation based on these new normals better represent
shorter term climatic anomalies than the forecasts based on older normals.

An updated monthly outlook... for Aug will be issued on Wed July 31 2024

These outlooks are based on departures from the 1991-2020 base period.

NOAA/ National Weather Service
National Centers for Environmental Prediction
Climate Prediction Center
5200 Auth Road
Camp Springs, Maryland 20746
Climate Prediction Center Web Team
Page last modified: January 17, 2006
Information Quality
Privacy Policy
Freedom of Information Act
About Us
Career Opportunities