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Official 90-day Outlooks are issued once each month near mid-month at 8:30am Eastern Time. Please consult the schedule of 30 & 90-day outlooks for exact release dates.

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    0.5mn Jun 2020


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HOME> Outlook Maps>Seasonal Forecast Discussion
 
Prognostic Discussion for Monthly Outlook 
NWS Climate Prediction Center College Park MD
830 AM EDT Thu May 21 2020


30-DAY OUTLOOK DISCUSSION FOR JUNE 2020

The June 2020 temperature and precipitation outlooks are based primarily on
dynamical model guidance, statistical tools, and current soil moisture
conditions. ENSO-neutral conditions are currently present across the Tropical
Pacific, and the consensus forecast indicates that ENSO-neutral conditions are
likely to remain in place throughout the month of June and into the next
several seasons. SSTs have cooled across most of the equatorial Tropical
Pacific during the last several weeks and are near or below average over the
eastern equatorial Pacific. The Madden-Julian Oscillation or MJO has recently
become active with convection centered over the Indian Ocean. Dynamical model
forecasts, including the NCEP CFSv2, indicate that the MJO is expected to
remain active and propagate across the Maritime Continent into the western
Pacific Ocean, potentially influencing the climate over North America in three
to four weeks from the present time. Statistical tools show that the active MJO
in the current phase will potentially enhance the chances of below normal
temperatures across much of the eastern CONUS and above normal temperatures for
parts of the western CONUS in early June. The transient MJO impact will
potentially influence June monthly average temperatures and increase the
uncertainty in the June outlook. Absent a signal from ENSO, the June
temperature outlook is somewhat impacted by decadal time scale temperature
trends, moderated by shorter timescale climate impacts, including soil moisture
feedbacks. If the MJO or related atmospheric Kelvin wave propagates eastward
over the Western Hemisphere during early June, this would provide a favorable
large scale environment for tropical cyclone development across the northwest
Caribbean and southern Gulf of Mexico and may impact precipitation for parts of
the southeastern CONUS.

The June temperature outlook calls for enhanced probabilities for above normal
temperatures for all of Alaska with probabilities exceeding 50 percent for
southwestern areas of the state, where nearby sea surface temperatures are
above average. The week 3-4 temperature outlook indicates likely above normal
average temperatures for the first half of June for Alaska, and dynamical model
forecasts from the CFS as well as the NMME support above normal temperatures
for the month. Above normal temperatures are also likely for the month of June
for the western CONUS, primarily to the west of the continental divide,
supported by dynamical model forecasts from the CFS and NMME, and similar in
extent to predicted likely above normal temperatures in the first half of June
by the CPC week 3-4 outlook. Probabilities exceed 50 percent for much of the
Great Basin and Southwest regions, where the signal due to decadal temperature
trends is greater. Uncertainty increases across much of the central and eastern
CONUS, due in part to the influence of shorter timescale climate signals such
as the MJO. A large area of equal chances of below, near or above normal
temperatures is indicated for the month of June from the Northern and Central
Plains across the Upper and Central Mississippi Valleys, where there is greater
ensemble spread among individual models of the NMME. Temperatures for the month
of June may also be moderated across this area by current positive soil
moisture anomalies and an above normal precipitation forecast. Probabilities of
above normal temperatures increase for the Gulf Coast states as well as the
Eastern Seaboard and Northeast regions, supported by dynamical model forecasts
including the CFS and NMME models. Models consistently show a high probability
of above normal temperatures for the southern Florida Peninsula where the
probability of above normal temperatures exceeds 50 percent. Above normal
temperatures for the Northeast region are also supported by larger positive
decadal temperature trends for this region.

The June precipitation outlook calls for enhanced probabilities of below normal
precipitation for western areas of the states of Wasington and Oregon,
supported by dynamical model forecasts including NMME probability forecasts,
where seasonal climate signals indicate a broader area of likely below normal
precipitation. However, dynamical models indicate uncertainty is greater in the
individual month of June. Probabilities of above normal precipitation are
enhanced over a large area of the eastern CONUS stretching from eastern areas
of the Great Plains across the Central and Lower Mississippi Valleys and the
Southeast region to the southern Atlantic coast, supported by probability
forecasts from the NMME. Dynamical models , including the CFS, indicate an
active Gulf of Mexico in June. Skill in precipitation forecasts is limited but
a clear signal is apparent in dynamical models for a large area of the eastern
CONUS. Models are less consistent for the Northeast region June precipitation
forecast where equal chances of below, near and above normal precipitation is
indicated. Dynamical model forecasts from the NMME indicate much of the
precipitation signal over Alaska is along the southern coast, where
probabilities of above normal precipitation are increased.

FORECASTER: Dan Collins

The climatic normals are based on conditions between 1981 and 2010, following
the World Meteorological Organization convention of using the most recent 3
complete decades as the climate reference period.  The probability anomalies
for temperature and precipitation based on these new normals better represent
shorter term climatic anomalies than the forecasts based on older normals.

An updated monthly outlook... for Jun will be issued on Sun May 31 2020

These outlooks are based on departures from the 1981-2010 base period.
$$

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