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HOME> Expert Assessments>Hazards Outlook

For 3-7 day hazards see Weather Prediction Center's: WPC 3-7 Day Hazards

U.S. Week-2 Hazards Outlook - Made April 24, 2019 | About the Hazards Outlook

 Days 8-14Probabilistic Days 8-14
Precipitation
TemperatureNo Hazards
WindNo HazardsNo Hazards

Categorical Outlooks
Experimental Probabilistic Outlooks

Valid Thursday May 02, 2019 to Wednesday May 08, 2019

US Hazards Outlook
NWS Climate Prediction Center College Park MD
300 PM EDT April 24 2019

Synopsis: Mid-level low pressure is forecast over the Western U.S. in week-2 favoring periodic impulses of shortwave energy to eject out of the Rockies. These disturbances are favored to rotate around the periphery of surface high pressure over the East, resulting in intermittent chances of unsettled weather throughout the period.

Hazards Detailed Summary

For Saturday April 27 - Wednesday May 01: WPC Days 3-7 U.S. Hazards

For Thursday May 02 - Wednesday May 08: A noticeable shift in model guidance today has resulted in some changes to the hazards outlook compared to yesterday. A stronger trough is now favored in the Western CONUS early in week-2, along with an eastward displacement of the mid-level ridge and surface high pressure in the East. Because of the increased troughing in the West, there is an increased risk for cooler temperatures early in week-2, with a slight risk for much below normal temperatures (20% chance of minimum temperatures in the lowest 15th percentile of the climatological distribution) now posted over much of Montana, Northern Wyoming, and the far Western Dakotas on 5/2 given the potential of a hard freeze in some areas. This is based on guidance from the GEFS reforecast tool. Snow is also possible early in the period over this region as shortwave energy may interact with the cold air in place.

With the eastward shift in the ridge axis, the precipitation axis is also shifted southward and eastward compared to yesterday. A disturbance ejecting out of the Rockies early in the period favors a heightened chance for heavy precipitation across the Plains early in week-2. The GEFS focuses the heaviest precipitation across portions of the Central Plains and adjacent parts of the Mississippi Valley, while the ECMWF ensembles favor the Southern Plains to have the highest precipitation totals. Synoptically, the overall set-up looks conducive for a convective event, and therefore a moderate risk of heavy precipitation (40% chance of precipitation in the highest 15th percentile in the climatological distribution) is highlighted for parts of the Central and Southern Plains along with western parts of the Middle and Lower Mississippi Valley. Throughout week-2, this along with other disturbances are favored to track around the periphery of surface high pressure over the Southeast and Western Atlantic, resulting in intermittent chances of heavy precipitation. Therefore, a slight risk of heavy precipitation (20% chance of precipitation in the highest 15th percentile in the climatological distribution) is posted for a broad area extending from the Central and Southern Plains northeastward through parts of the Mississippi Valley, the Ohio Valley, and into the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast for the entire period. No areas of hazardous winds are posted, although some gusty winds are possible in parts of the High Plains during week-2.

Ridging is forecast over Alaska in week-2 with some troughing forecast to develop over the Bering Sea toward the middle of week-2. Precipitation threats look minimal and therefore, no hazards are posted for the state.

Forecaster: Thomas Collow

$$ Please consult local NWS Forecast Offices for short range forecasts and region-specific information.

Resources

Week-2 Probabilistic Extremes Tool

GFS Ensemble Forecasts