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As of the May 19th, 2017, release, Week 3-4 outlooks precipitation outlooks are experimental, whereas the temperature outlooks are operational. Both are issued Friday between 3pm & 4pm Eastern Time.
HOME> Outlook Maps> Week 3-4 Outlooks

Week 3-4 Outlooks
Valid: 23 Dec 2017 to 05 Jan 2018
Updated: 08 Dec 2017

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Temperature Probability


Week 3-4 Outlooks - Temperature Probability
Precipitation Probability
(Experimental)


Week 3-4 Outlooks - Precipitation Probability

Click HERE for information about how to read Week 3-4 outlook maps

Prognostic Discussion for Week 3-4 Temperature and Experimental Precipitation Outlooks
NWS Climate Prediction Center College Park MD
300PM EST Fri Dec 08 2017

Week 3-4 Forecast Discussion Valid Sat Dec 23 2017-Fri Jan 05 2018

La Nina conditions currently are present across the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Equatorial sea surface temperatures (SSTs) are below average across the central and eastern Pacific Ocean. The CPC velocity potential based and RMM MJO indices indicate an enhanced MJO signal from the Maritime Continent to the Western Pacific. Forecasts of the RMM-based MJO indices show a decrease in amplitude as the signal shifts eastward across Phase 6 and Phase 7 pattern (Western Pacific) over the next two weeks. The Week 3/4 temperature and precipitation outlooks rely primarily on dynamical model forecasts from the NCEP CFS, ECMWF and JMA operational ensemble prediction systems, as well as forecasts from the Subseasonal Experiment (SubX), a multi-model ensemble (MME) of experimental ensemble prediction systems. Consideration is also given to the possible evolution of the predicted circulation pattern for Week 2.

The various model guidance supporting the Week 3-4 outlook is in good agreement today, depicting troughs across the east-central Pacific to the Hawaiian Archipelago, and over the eastern CONUS, while a ridge is indicated over Alaska and near the west coast of North America. The CFS, ECMWF and JMA ensemble means depict above-normal 500-hPa heights over Alaska and the southeastern CONUS, while near to below-normal 500-hPa heights are indicated over most of the northern and western parts of the CONUS.

The forecast temperature pattern for Weeks 3-4 incorporates the objective blend of the CFS, ECMWF, and JMA model forecasts, as well as statistical guidance primarily from the multiple regression tool that leverages trends along with current ENSO and MJO conditions. Calibrated temperature forecasts from the individual models and multi-model combinations of these forecasts support an enhanced likelihood of above-normal temperatures over most of the western and southern CONUS, with the highest probabilities over Arizona and New Mexico. The predict trough and below-normal 500-hPa heights enhance the odds for near to below normal temperatures for much of the northeastern CONUS. The various forecast guidance was in very good agreement over Alaska, where there is a greater than 70 percent chance of above-normal temperatures for western parts of the state.

The precipitation outlook is likewise based on the objective dynamical guidance, which is broadly consistent with the forecast circulation pattern and, to lesser extent, the low-frequency La Nina footprint. The various guidance is in fairly good agreement on the precipitation outlook. Near to below-normal 500-hPa heights lead to increased odds for below-normal precipitation over parts of the Southwest, the Southern Rockies, the Southern Plains, and the Southeast. There is a slight tilt toward above-normal precipitation centered over Montana, where upslope precipitation may become more frequent as surface high pressure noses southward over the High Plains. The forecast trough over the eastern CONUS favors above-normal precipitation over parts of the Great Lakes, the Northeast, the Ohio Valley, the Tennessee Valley, and the Middle Atlantic. Below-normal precipitation is forecast over Alaska, consistent with dynamical model precipitation guidance from the CFS, ECMWF, and JMA.

The temperature forecast for Hawaii remains a bit uncertain with the CFS and ECMWF depicting very weak signed anomalies during the period. Dynamical model from CFS and JMA precipitation forecasts indicate increased probabilities of above-normal precipitation for Kahului and Honolulu during the Week 3-4 period.







Temperature Precipitation
FCST FCST
Hilo EC EC
Kahului EC A60
Honolulu EC A60
Lihue EC EC


Forecaster: Luke He

The next week 3-4 outlook will be issued on Friday, Dec 15, 2017

These outlooks are based on departures from the 1981-2010 base period

These are two category outlooks and differ from official current three category outlooks currently used for the monthly and seasonal forecasts.



The shading on the temperature map depicts the most favored category, either above-normal (A) or below-normal (B) with the solid lines giving the probability ( >50%) of this more likely category (above or below).

The shading on the precipitation map depicts the most favored category, either above-median (A) or below-median (B) with the solid lines giving the probability ( >50%) of this more likely category (above or below).

In areas where the likelihoods of 2-week mean temperatures and accumulated precipitation amounts are similar to climatological probabilities, equal chances (EC) is indicated.



As of May 19, 2017, the temperature outlook is operational, while the precipitation outlook is still experimental



An ASCII (w/ HTML markup tags) text version of the written forecast is available.

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6 to 10 Day Outlooks
8 to 14 Day Outlooks
30-day Outlooks
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Page last modified: Nov 08 2017
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